haven’t read this yet, but the key thing to think about when you’re dissecting Spain post-Franco, is how quickly those at the top of power were keen to brush aside and ‘forget’ the atrocities committed under the regime. It’s worth remembering that Franco himself designated King Juan Carlos as his successor, and the two were great friends towards the end of the dictator’s life.
Personally speaking, I’ve also spoken to lots of family members about this, and it was basically - ‘oh franco is dead, these people are now saying we’re a democracy’. But little changed. The same people, or more accurately, the same sort of people, held onto positions of power, bureaucratic organs - highly corrupt, self serving, wildly inefficient- stayed the same (spain STILL has militarised police for instance), the army were left to their own devices, economic strategy didn’t change, and people were encouraged to simply forget and forgive everything that had happened while maintaining the status quo. The PP (Spanish tories), were, up until they died from old age recently, full of ex Falange members. Prime minister Aznar (late 90s - mid 00s) was a proud and paid up member of the Falange for instance.
By not psychologically dealing with it’s history under dictatorship, reforming central organisms of the state, and generally brushing everything under the carpet, we get to where we’re at now - groups of people who think bringing the dictatorship back would benefit Spain, and those, like me, who want radical change, even if that means dismantling the country. to borrow a term from that article, the ghosts of the dictatorship are still here - its pretty much the same country it was at the beginning of the 70s in many ways.
I’ve written this while eating lunch, so sorry if it doesn’t make much sense. Happy to answer any more questions though.