I feel like I have a huge mental catalog of these and I can only think of a few right now of course.
Boxcar Racer - “Catlike Thief” vs. Alkaline Trio - "You’ve Got So Far to Go"
Also having inexplicably just listened to Joy Division for the first time two weeks ago, it’s astounding to me how many bands have a variation of or flat out use the “Colony” riff. NOFX has the most obvious one with "The Quass"
I’ve always thought “Mogwai Fears Satan” was very similar to “Apothecaries’ Weight” by Kyuss.
Then there are the old well known ones of many Collective Soul singles ripping off either “Drown” or “Snail” by the Pumpkins, or “Toxicity” by System of a Down being similar to “Summer” by Mogwai, or that “Send the Pain Below” song by Chevelle being similar to “Be Quiet and Drive” by the Deftones.